The Grand National or the worlds greatest steeplechase as it is often referred to as is a horse race run over steeplechase fences at Aintree racecourse in Liverpool..
The distance run in this race is 4 miles 4 furlongs and is the longest race run in the UK today.
This race is a unique test or horse and rider and the 30 fences that are jumped are a real test of bravery. Unlike most racecourses in the uk the fences are varied in height, width and depth and also the landing side on many of the fences is lower than the take off side and therefore do not offer a view of the landing to the horse.
There are 16 fences and 14 of then are jumped twice, the exceptions being the water and The Chair jumps. This make a total of 30 jumps to be made.
Although the first official Grand National
is quoted as 1839 it is now widely accepted that thee were races before this date which should be classed as Grand Nationals. There are three years to be added 1836/37/38 however the story starts much earlier than this.
For our purposes the story starts in the 1820's but it should be remembered that there had been race meetings in Liverpool back as early as 1576. Meetings were held here on Ascension Day for many years and the trophy raced for then was a silver bell.
Racing however soon became lost to Liverpool and much later in the mid 1700' racing was reintroduced but again through lack of support racing was terminated around 1786.
We have to move on now until 1827 when a local land owner John Formby started holding races at Maghull. This was a success and one of the people involved in the project and local innkeeper by the name of William Lynn, who also sponsored hare-coursing events, decided that he would like more involvement in the horse racing and he leased some land at Aintree from Lord Sefton.
Mr. Lynn a good businessman and entrepreneur put money into the project and build a grandstand for the racing and such was his enthusiasm for the project that the first race was held on 7th July 1829, a flat meeting then of course.
Lyn held three meetings a year and soon began to experiment with hurdle races at the course. All the racing was well liked.
Mr. Lynn expanded the mount of hurdling races held and in 1835 he set aside a whole race meeting for the hurdle races.
Again these were a great success and not to be one to stand on his laurels Mr. Lynn soon got the idea of holding a steeplechase much like The Great St. Albans steeplechase that proving so popular.
With everything falling into place Mr. Lynn was set for his new steeplechase and in 1836 he published the conditions of his new steeplechase to be held on 29th February 1836: -
A sweepstakes of 10 sovs. Each with 80 sovs. Added, for horses of all denomination, 12 st. each, Gentlemen riders, second horse receives stake back. Winner to be sold for 200 sovs. If demanded.
The race was an incredible success, a local journal wrote of "immense crowds many of whom has brought their own telescopes" proving that they were there to watch the race and not simply there for the event.
There is not a lot of information on the race but the race was over twenty fences in two circuits of the track, with two flights of hurdles in the straight.
There was ten runners in the race and the victor on the day was
ridden by the famous Captain Becher and owned by Mr. Sirdefield.
This race is often referred to as The preliminary race
by those who believe that the first race was the 1827 race, however it may have just been the case that the naming of the race was clearer the following year when it was named as The Grand Liverpool Steeplechase.
but actually the race was still not called The Grand National
until 1847 when the name was changed to The Grand National handicap steeplechase.